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Columbus,
Georgia

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Columbus is a city located in Muscogee County, Georgia. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 186,291. The city is the county seat of Muscogee County.

Metropolitan area

The Columbus metropolitan area comprises of three counties in Georgia, and one in Alabama.

Georgia
Chattahoochee County
Harris County
Muscogee County
Alabama
Russell County

History

Founded in 1828 by an act of the Georgia Legislature, Columbus was situated at the end of the navigable portion of the Chattahoochee River and on the last stretch of the Federal Road before entering Alabama. The city was named for Christopher Columbus, its founders likely influenced by the writings of Washington Irving. The plan for the city was drawn up by Dr. Edwin L. DeGaffenried who placed the town on a bluff overlooking the river. Across the river, where Phenix City, Alabama is now located, Creek Indians lived until their removal in 1836.

The river served as Columbus' connection to the world, particularly connecting the plantations in the region with the international cotton market via New Orleans and ultimately Liverpool, England. The city's commercial importance increased in the 1850s with the arrival of the railroad. In addition, textile mills began springing up along the river bringing industry to an area reliant upon agriculture.

By 1860, the city was one of the more important industrial centers of the South, earning it the nickname "the Lowell of the South." When the outbreak of war came in 1861, the industries of Columbus expanded their production and Columbus became one of the most important centers of industry in the Confederacy. In addition to textiles, the city had an ironworks as well as a shipyard for the Confederate Navy. The city finally saw its only fighting when on Easter Sunday, April 14, 1865 a Union detatchment under General James H. Wilson attacked the city and burned many of the industrial buildings.

Reconstruction began almost immediately and prosperity was found. The industrialization of the town led to rapid growth. By now, the city had outgrown its original plan. Columbus was graced with the Springer Opera House on 10th Avenue, which would see over a century of great performers and still delights audiences today.

By the time of the Spanish American War, the city began to see much modernization including the addition of trolleys and a new water works. Mayor Lucius Chappell also brought a training camp for soldiers to the area. This training camp would grow into Fort Benning, named for General Henry L. Benning, a native of the city.

With the expansion of the city, the need for a university saw the establishment of Columbus Junior College which would later grow into Columbus State University. As the city has turned from its initial industry of texttiles, it has found a home for other prominent industries including the headquarters for AFLAC.

Famous Columbus residents

General Henry Lewis Benning, Confederate general.
Augusta Jane Evans, novelist.
Carson McCullers, novelist and author of The Heart is a Lonely Hunter.
John Stith Pemberton, created Coca-Cola.
Ma Rainey, blues-musician known as 'The Mother of the Blues".
Alma Thomas, African-American artist.
Frank Thomas, baseball player for the Chicago White Sox.

Miscellaneous

Columbus is the third largest city in Georgia, both in metropolitan area and core city.
The companies Aflac and Synovus locate their headquarters in Columbus.
Habitat for Humanity also has its world headquarters there.
Columbus lies right next to Fort Benning, home of a U.S. sniper training school.


The above article in gray is licensed under the

GNU Free Documentation License
It is from
Wikipedia article Columbus, Georgia

 


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What is the best thing about Columbus, Georgia and why?

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How did Columbus, Georgia get its name?

CHRISTOPHER COLUMBUS - PATRICIA C

What is the most beautiful or interesting NATURAL attraction in or near Columbus, Georgia and why?

Callaway Gardens, it has beautiful plants and what not and if u go around christmas the lights are spectacular - morgan t

Where is the best place to eat in Columbus, Georgia and why?

cheddars (: it is the bombbb - Jess bby (:

Cheddar's ... They have lots of great food at good prices. They have a comfortable casual setting that is family friendly. - Tina L


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A2Z Computing Services, Inc. Announces The Acceptance Of Press Releases From Columbus And Vicinity

Oakland, Maine - December 1, 2011 -- Matthew Hunt, President of A2Z Computing Services, Inc. the parent company of Hometown USA announced Thursday that they will begin accepting press releases from businesses, organizations and individuals for posting on HometownUSA.com. In an effort to populate their redesigned News and Events section with quality information of interest to local residents and visitors alike, the company will immediately start posting valid press releases for viewing by their visitors. Read more about this Columbus, Georgia press release.

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